Câu hỏi trắc nghiệm tham khảo Test Yourself D Unit 9-10

  • Exercise 1: Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer.

    Plants and animals hold medicinal, agricultural, ecological value. Endangered species must be protected and saved so that future generations can experience their presence and value.

    Plants and animals are responsible for a variety of useful medications. In fact, about forty percent of all prescriptions written today are composed from the natural compounds of different species. These species not only save lives, but they contribute to a prospering pharmaceutical industry worth over $40 billion annually. Unfortunately, only 5% of known plant species have been screened for their medicinal values, although we continue to lose up to 100 species daily. The Pacific yew, a slow-growing tree found in the ancient forests of the Pacific Northwest, was historically considered a “trash” tree. However, a substance in its bark was recently identified as one of the most promising treatments for ovarian and breast cancer. Additionally, more than 3 million American heart disease sufferers would die within 72 hours of a heart attack without digitalis, a drug derived from the purple foxglove.

    There are an estimated 80,000 edible plants in the world. Humans depend upon only 20 species of these plants, such as wheat and corn, to provide 90% of the world’s food. Wild relatives of these common crops contain essential disease-resistant material. They also provide humans with the means to develop new crops that can grow in inadequate lands such as in poor soils or drought-stricken areas to help solve the world hunger problem. In the 1970s, genetic material from a wild corn species in Mexico was used to stop a leaf fungus that had previously wiped out 15% of the U.S. corn crop.

    Plant and animal species are the foundation of healthy ecosystems. Humans depend on ecosystems such as coastal estuaries, prairie grasslands, and ancient forests to purify their air, clean their water, and supply them with food. When species become endangered, it is an indicator that the health of these vital ecosystems is beginning to unravel. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service estimates that losing one plant species can trigger the loss of up to 30 other insect, plant and higher animal species. The northern spotted owl, listed as threatened in 1990, is an indicator of the declining health of the ancient forests of the Pacific Northwest. These forests are the home to over 100 other old-growth dependent species, which are at risk due to decades of unsustainable forest management practices. Pollution off the coast of Florida is killing the coral reefs along the Florida Keys, which serve as habitat for hundreds of species of fish. Commercial fish species have begun to decline, causing a threat to the multi-million dollar tourism industry, which depends on the quality of the environment.

    Câu 1:

    Plants and animals _______.

    • A. contain medicaments
    • B. will not exist until the future generations can experience their value
    • C. do some harm to medication
    • D. take no responsibility for medication
  • Câu 2:

    Plants and animals _______.

    • A. take up all recent prescriptions are
    • B. play no role in pharmaceutical industry
    • C. can be used to save lives
    • D. cause difficulty to pharmaceutical industry
  • Câu 3:

    According to the text, _______.

    • A. human beings do not like to use plants as medicine
    • B. human beings depend on plants for food and medicine
    • C. there is no disease-resistant material in edible plants
    • D. edible plants do not include wheat and corn
  • Câu 4:

    Which sentence is true?

    • A. Humans do not depend on ecosystem.
    • B. The loss of one species may lead to the 16ss of others.
    • C. Unsustainable forest management practices have no effects on species.
    • D. The coast of Florida does not suffer any pollution
  • Câu 5:

    The word trigger has a close meaning to _______.

    • A. cause
    • B. pollute
    • C. contaminate
    • D. decline
  • Exercise 2: Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one.

    Câu 6:

    Hunting wild animals is prohibited _______ law in many countries but it does not seem to be effective.

    • A. in
    • B. on
    • C. with
    • D. by
  • Câu 7:

    A ban was given _______ all trade in ivory in 1989.

    • A. with
    • B. on
    • C. for
    • D. from
  • Câu 8:

    There was a huge decline _______ the number of panda.

    • A. in
    • B. for
    • C. of
    • D. out
  • Câu 9:

    She was involved in conservational _______ and began to devoted herself to the wildlife protection movement.

    • A. act
    • B. action
    • C. activity
    • D. acting
  • Câu 10:

    According to present law, the authorities can give poachers a severe _______.

    • A. punish
    • B. punishable
    • C. punishment
    • D. punishing
  • Câu 11:

    Many Asian people _______ like hunting elephants for their ivory and tigers for their bones.

    • A. particular
    • B. particularity
    • C. particularly
    • D. particularize
  • Câu 12:

    A _______ is the skin of a large animal such as a cow, horse, or elephant, which can be used for making leather.

    • A. tooth
    • B. hide
    • C. ivory
    • D. tusk
  • Câu 13:

    Many wildlife parks have been installed security cameras to guard against _______ who regularly hunt wild animals illegally.

    • A. poachers
    • B. conservationists
    • C. environmentalists
    • D. authority
  • Câu 14:

    It is _______ that about 700 deer have been killed in the last few years due to their horns.

    • A. declined
    • B. grown
    • C. damaged
    • D. estimated
  • Câu 15:

    We use _______ to attack or to fight against other people.

    • A. weapon
    • B. hide
    • C. punishment
    • D. poaching
  • Câu 16:

    I can’t find my book anywhere. I _______ have left it on the train. I am not sure.

    • A. must
    • B. needn’t
    • C. should
    • D. might
  • Câu 17:

    You _______ lunch. We have already eaten.

    • A. need preparing
    • B. needn’t have prepared
    • C. should prepare
    • D. should have prepared
  • Câu 18:

    If I had gone to the University of Miami, I _______ in their Spanish immersion program.

    • A. should participate
    • B. needn’t participate
    • C. could have participated
    • D. must have participated
  • Câu 19:

    I will do everything. You _______ do anything unless you really want to.

    • A. may
    • B. needn’t
    • C. must
    • D. ought to
  • Câu 20:

    You ___ forget to learn the lesson by heart. The new teacher is so strict.

    • A. needn’t
    • B. mustn’t
    • C. mayn’t
    • D. mightn’t
  • Câu 21:

    They _______ be away for the weekend, but I am not sure.

    • A. might
    • B. can
    • C. must
    • D. should
  • Câu 22:

    You _______ now if you wish.

    • A. must leave
    • B. may leave
    • C. need leaving
    • D. mustn’t leave
  • Câu 23:

    You _______ worry so much. I will help you.

    • A.  must
    • B. mustn’t
    • C. might not
    • D. needn’t
  • Câu 24:

    If there is anything you _______. Let me know.

    • A. must
    • B. should
    • C. need
    • D. may
  • Câu 25:

    Yesterday, I had to cram all day for my French final. _______, I did not get to sleep until after midnight.

    • A. Nevertheless
    • B. However
    • C. Therefore
    • D. But
  • Exercise 3: Error Identification.

    Câu 26:

    In several parts of Asia, there is still a strong market for traditional medicines making from these animal parts.

    • A. In several parts
    • B. there is still
    • C. making
    • D. animal parts
  • Câu 27:

    Disease, pollute, and limited distribution are factors that threaten.

    • A. pollute
    • B. are
    • C. factors
    • D. threaten
  • Câu 28:

    If a species does not have the natural genetic protection against particular diseases, an introduced disease can have severely effects on that species.

    • A. If
    • B. does not have
    • C. introduced
    • D. severely
  • Câu 29:

    A species that faces overexploitation is one that may become severely endangered or even extinct due to the rate in that the species is being used.

    • A. faces
    • B. overexploitation
    • C. due to
    • D. that
  • Câu 30:

    When several whale species were nearly extinct, the number of nations, including the United States, agreed to abide by the international laws on whaling.

    • A. When
    • B. nearly
    • C. the
    • D. including


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